This page was created by Marija Kosovic.  The last update was by Matthew Dunleavy.

Victorian Ghosts, 1852-1907: EN 4573 Collection


Jove is “a poetical equivalent of Jupiter, name of the highest deity of the ancient Romans” ("Jove, n."). In this scenario, “by Jove” is meant to signify that the speaker is shocked or surprised. It is a variation of saying “my god” without actually invocating god himself.

"Jove, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, September 2020,


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